USE of this site is subject to the following Terms and Conditions. This site is operated by African Journals Publishing Company Limited (‘African Journals’). The site is known as African Prospects.


African Journals and its licensors hold the copyright in all material held on the African Prospects website. No material may be resold or published elsewhere without African Journal's written consent, save as authorised by a licence with African Prospects or to the extent required by the applicable law.

Authorised Users

Authorised Users are individuals who either have paid for an online subscription to African Prospects, or are authorised for online access under the terms of their institution's subscription or licence with African Journals. Members of the public may access the open parts of this site in accordance with the Terms and Conditions.

Download of Individual Articles

The terms for access to individual articles by members of the public are set out when you apply for access.

Permitted Use

You are allowed access to browse the site for personal use. Unreasonable use, including the systematic downloading of content without a written licence, will result in access to the site being blocked. Under no circumstances does permitted usage include any commercial exploitation of the material.


Users may print off or make single copies of web pages (other than individual articles) for personal use, or for distribution to other users. Users may also save web pages other than individual articles electronically for personal use. Electronic dissemination or mailing of articles is not permitted, without prior permission from African Journals.

Limited Warranty

African Journals will endeavour to provide continuous access to all materials, but cannot be held liable for any loss of service. African Journals is not responsible for any third party software downloaded through this site, or for ensuring that the site is compatible with all browser software. African Journals takes reasonable steps necessary to ensure that the site is secure and free from viruses, but is not responsible for any loss of data or hardware damage caused through usage. Nor is the security of information passed electronically to the site guaranteed. Africans Journals does not warrant the information on this site, or on any site that it links to. African Journals does not accept responsibility for any loss, injury, damage or lawsuit related to the use of information contained within African Prospects or any linked site.